Born in 1452 in the Italian countryside, Leonardo da Vinci is considered to be one of the greatest artists of all time. But unlike today’s stars, about whose lives we know every detail, many facts about Leonardo’s life and work are either misunderstood or not well known. The most common mistake made about Leonardo is his surname. Many believe it to be “da Vinci” But “da Vinci” simply means”from Vinci.” In fact, Leonardo didn’t really have a surname in the way we think of surnames today. Leonardo’s full birth name—Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci—means “Leonardo, (son) of ser Piero from Vinci” But his fellow painters just called him “Leonardo” or “Il Florentine” because he lived near the Italian city of Florence. Also, for such a brilliant artist, Leonardo was not a productive painter by the standards of the time. He had so many other interests—such as studying nature, performing experiments, inventing machines, and playing the flute—that he often failed to finish his paintings, including his most famous work: the Mona Lisa! As a result, only 15 existing paintings have been credited to Leonardo.
李奧納多．達文西一四五二年出生於義大利鄉村地區，被認為是有史以來最偉大的藝術家之一。但與今日的明星不同（其生活瑣事我們知之甚詳），許多關於李奧納多生平及作品的事實要不是被誤解就是不為人知。 關於李奧納多最常見的錯誤就是他的姓氏。很多人認為他姓「達文西」。但「達文西」只是表示「來自文西」。事實上，李奧納多並未真的有我們今天所想的姓氏那樣的姓。李奧納多出生時的全名Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci意思是「李奧納多，來自文西村、皮耶羅大人之子」。但他的畫家同儕只稱他「李奧納多」或「那個佛羅倫斯人」，因為他住在義大利佛羅倫斯城附近。 還有，對這麼傑出的藝術家來說，李奧納多以當時的標準來說並不是多產的畫家。他有非常多其他的興趣，像是研究自然、做實驗、發明機器和演奏長笛，以致於常無法完成畫作，包括他最著名的作品《蒙娜麗莎》！因此，只有十五幅現存的畫歸在李奧納多名下。