Europe Wonders if It Can Rely on U.S. Again, Whoever Wins 美國大選不論誰勝選 歐洲不敢再信賴
Europe Wonders if It Can Rely on U.S. Again, Whoever Wins
Treated with contempt by President Donald Trump, who considers them rivals and deadbeats instead of allies, many European leaders look forward to the possibility of a Biden presidency. But they are painfully aware that four years of Trump have changed the world — and the United States — in ways that will not be easily reversed.
For the first time, said Ivan Krastev, director of the Center for Liberal Strategies, "Europeans are afraid that there is no longer a foreign-policy consensus in the United States. Every new administration can mean a totally new policy, and for them this is a nightmare."
Some, like Nathalie Tocci, director of Italy's Institute of International Affairs, and François Heisbourg, a French security analyst, fear that a Biden presidency could short-circuit European autonomy and let Europeans continue, as Tocci said, "sticking our heads in the sand."
A Trump reelection, of course, might accelerate the trend toward autonomy.
U.S. foreign policy was traditionally bipartisan,but the collapse of the Soviet Union meant that foreign policy, too, was subject to deepening political polarization in the United States.
"There is an incredible decay in Europe of the sense of the United States as a leader," accelerated and symbolized by mishandling of the coronavirus, said Jeremy Shapiro of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
"Biden doesn't solve their America problem," he said. "He's not going to be president forever, and Democrats won't always be in power, and people have learned that the U.S. can't be trusted on foreign policy, because the next administration will come in and wipe it away."
From School Boards to the Senate, All Politics Is Virus Politics in 2020 今年大小選舉 全都和疫情有關
文/Sarah Mervosh and Manny Fer
The coronavirus pandemic upended Pamela Walsh's life. It shut down her office, leaving her working at home from a folding table. It forced her to turn her dining room into a Zoom classroom for her 7-year-old son. And the virus propelled a still more unlikely change: It led Walsh to run for public office.
"It wasn't even on my radar screen," said Walsh, 47, a political adviser in Concord, New Hampshire, who has long worked for Democrats but never before considered seeking elective office herself. Months of supervising elementary school lessons from home, with little idea of when her son would return to school, convinced Walsh that she should vie for a seat on her local school board.
By some measure, all politics is virus politics in 2020, and the federal government's handling of COVID-19 has become an explosive issue in the presidential race, which has been further complicated by President Donald Trump's own hospitalization for the virus.
Yet around the nation, there are local and state races in which the pandemic has also taken an outsize role. In some cases, the virus has been the reason for running; in others, handling of the pandemic has become the defining issue, eclipsing ordinary matters of taxes and services.
The virus — and the government's response to it — has inspired parents, hair salon owners and others to run for the first time, turned sleepy races into competitive matches and injected a level of unpredictability and rancor into normally tranquil down-ballot contests.
"This is an issue that no one expected to be one of the pillars of this election, but it has clearly become one," said Robert Griffin, research director for the Democracy Fund Voter Study Group, which is partnering with academics at UCLA to poll about 6,000 Americans each week leading up to the election.